Robotic assistance in the coordination of patient care

TitleRobotic assistance in the coordination of patient care
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuthorsGombolay, M., X. Jessie Yang, B. Hayes, N. Seo, Z. Liu, S. Wadhwania, T. Yu, N. Shah, T. Golen, and J. Shah
JournalInternational Journal of Robotics Research (IJRR) (Accepted 02/2018—To Appear)
AbstractWe conducted a study to investigate trust in and dependence upon robotic decision support among nurses and doctors on a labor and delivery floor. There is evidence that suggestions provided by embodied agents engender inappropriate degrees of trust and reliance among humans. This concern represents a critical barrier that must be addressed before fielding intelligent hospital service robots that take initiative to coordinate patient care. We conducted our experiment with nurses and physicians, and evaluated the subjects' levels of trust in and dependence upon high- and low-quality recommendations issued by robotic versus computer-based decision support. The decision support, generated through action-driven learning from expert demonstration, produced high-quality recommendations that were accepted by nurses and physicians at a compliance rate of 90%. Rates of Type I and Type II errors were comparable between robotic and computer-based decision support. Furthermore, embodiment appeared to benefit performance, as indicated by a higher degree of appropriate dependence after the quality of recommendations changed over the course of the experiment. These results support the notion that a robotic assistant may be able to safely and effectively assist with patient care. Finally, we conducted a pilot demonstration in which a robot assisted resource nurses on a labor and delivery floor at a tertiary care center.